Filters in B&W Photography

We at Keyphoto like to still use ‘traditional’ methods of Photography. We hate calling it ‘traditional’ though as it should very much still be deemed a fundamental part of photography

We pride ourselves in supplying chemistry and film to higher education, and we love watching students use film and chemistry. They are the future of photography after all

Today, we want to teach you as to why and how you should filters in B&W photography. What they do and how they can alter your images before you even develop them yourself

Coloured filters can be used on both film and digital technologies, as well as B&W and colour photography. Coloured filters can be blue, green, yellow, orange, red etc and they alter particular tones within your image. Coloured filters alter the amount of light that reaches the film from particular colours.

For example: a yellow filter will let through more yellow light and less blue light. Therefore meaning less light from a blue sky reaches the film which makes the sky look darker, so white clouds against a blue sky appear more prominent within the photograph

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When used in colour photography, they create strong colour casts

Lee CTB
Image from David Kennard Photography

Using filters in digital photography is sometimes not needed as many digital cameras have menu options that enable you to replicate the effects of certain filters when your camera is in monochrome mode. Computer software now can also simulate the use of coloured filters in post production

We still think it is best to go out and have a play and experiment with the real thing however! Nothing helps you learn more than actually doing

Filters will help you think about tones and how you want them to appear within your final image. Most filters will also require exposure correction, so a ‘2x’ filter factor means increasing the exposure by one stop. ‘4x’ needs two stops, and so on. Cameras that have TTL (Through The Lens) exposure meters usually compensate automatically, but remember to correct manually if using a handheld meter

The most useful coloured filters for black and white photography:

  • Yellow-Green. Often used for outdoor portraiture. Will lighten foliage and darken reds. It helps tonally seperate different hues of green where much foliage is present
  • Green. Very useful for portraiture under tungsten lighting to give more natural tones
  • Yellow. Helps most panchromatic black and white films ‘see’ subjects more like the human eye does so you can generally use this filter most of the time outdoors
  • Orange. Ideal for landscape photography giving bolder blue skies with white clouds than a yellow filter, and useful for photographing trees in Autumn when there are more orange tones
  • Red. Makes blue skies very dark so dramatically emphasises white clouds. Can create an almost moonlit effect. Also used with some near infra-red films to give dramatic effects

Overexposure can reduce the effect of filters, but try experimenting with different filters on subjects as diverse as skies, foliage, skin tones, wood etc and see how filters affect the tones!

 

If you do have a play, or if you have any images taken using filters we’d love to see them on Twitter and we will RT our faves! You can find us at @Keyphotocom. If you do share your images with us, please use the hashtag #KeyShot. We want to see your Key Shots!

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Using Manfrotto’s Digital Director

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We gave Manfrotto Ambassador Kaye Ford a go with Manfrotto’s Digital Director and asked her to shoot with it, and feed back and write up her experience with it

We hope you find it useful as we think this is such a great tool for photographers AND videographers:

So, what is the Digital Director? In laymans terms, it is essentially a tethering piece of kit that can be used with an iPad. It is for the iPad Air or iPad mini 2,3. It is a device that clips on to the iPad and is then powered by batteries or via the mains. It can also charge the iPad and for that I would recommend using mains power. It comes with a USB cable, but if you need longer you can use your own one. The USB plugs into the Digital Director you have just clipped on to the iPad and then the other end plugs into your camera. Currently the DD (Digital Director. From now on, this will be referred to as DD) only works with Nikon and Canon cameras. I use it with my Canon EOS 6D, and if you do have something with wi-fi inside of it you need to disable the wi-fi completely before the DD will work

Once all connected up, you can turn the DD on. There will be a power button on it. You can then start up the ‘DD’ free app on your iPad and turn the camera on. Once the camera is on you should then start to see everything the camera is seeing on the iPadPhoto 09-03-2016, 20 24 37

This is where it is more than just tethering. Yes I can use the DD as a remote viewfinder and I can mount it onto a tripod if I wanted to so that I have a larger viewfinder for video work, but I can also see focus peaking and zebra stripes (most commonly used in video). I can see all of my ISO information, my aperture and shutter speed, white balance. I can even see lighting information if I have Manfrotto’s LYKOS LED’s connected via bluetooth and I can control those lights also

The screen on the iPad shows you what the camera is seeing, and I can change the focus point just by tapping on an area of this screen. It also highlights your rule of thirds if you are into composing images that way. You can flick between video and stills taking and change all of your settings through sliders. So I can change my aperture and ISO information and also then see the affecting results on the screen, so I know exactly what I am getting before I have even taken a picture

You can even have a look through all of the images currently on the memory card within the camera also, which is a great way of showing clients what you have already shot

Another great way to utilise this is for people who are into vlogging or creating content for Youtube. You can have the camera and the DD facing you so that you can adjust everything with ease

Shooting with the DD attached really helped me quickly change any settings I needed to and see how my shot was going to come out before I had even started shooting, allowing me time to get the model to be comfortable with me and be comfortable in front of my camera

One of the resulting images from my little shoot with it is this:

Steve (3 of 9)

The DD makes sharing images really simple also as when viewing the images you can then choose to save some to your iPad, then allowing you to email the images or share them on social media straight away. I love sharing unedited, straight from camera pics on my social media so that people can then see how little editing I actually do when they see the ‘finalised’ images from my shoots

Thanks for reading!
Kaye Ford
MANFROTTO_ Logo Ambassador

You can shop for the Digital Director on Keyphoto’s website and prices start at £399.95

 

About Keyphoto

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Keyphoto are a specialist supplier of digital photography and ‘traditional’ photography (by traditional we mean film and chemistry, whether it be 35mm or 120mm or large format), exclusively to the education sector and government. We have been established since 1989 within this quite niche sector

It is within recent years that we have decided to bring our knowledge to the general public. We strongly believe in ‘traditional’ methods and would hate to see it die out. We advocate that students learn film before digital and we often host workshops within colleges and universities to help teach students about alternative processes with film technology

We aren’t straying from education, and in fact, we offer a student discount on our website

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Students can register an account on our website. Please use the email address your university/college have given you so that we may verify you with a student account quicker!
Once you have a student account you can then get 10% off of anything on our website, and free shipping with an order over £50. By 10% off of anything, we mean anything. Whether it be your film or paper, to new digital equipment or lighting

Happy Snapping!
The Keyphoto Team